Population within zone around protected nature and mean distance to protected nature, by region. Year 2013 - 2018
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Read more about the survey Footnotes

Footnotes

National parks Decisions to set up national parks are made by the Riksdag and the Government. The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency is responsible for the information for decision-making and planning of the national parts, among other things via the National Parks Plan for Sweden. A large contiguous area of a particular landscape type can be established as a national park, according to the Environmental Code, Chapter 7 Section 2. The area should be in its "natural state or essentially unchanged". As a prerequisite, the government must own the land.
Nature reserves Nature reserves are formed by the county councils and the municipalities, according to Chapter 7 Sections 4 – 6 of the Environmental Code. In Sweden and many other countries, forming nature reserves is one of the most common ways to protect valuable nature in a sustainable way. Nature reserves can be formed according to Chapter 7 Section 4 of the Environmental Code.
Nature conservation area Conservation areas as a protection form were introduced in the conservation act of 1974 and were discontinued with the introduction of the Environmental Code in 1999. These areas are mainly found in marine environments and forest areas intended for outdoor activities. The areas that were established are considered to be nature reserves according to the Environmental Code. However, legislation limits this protection a great deal, because the regulations must not be so restrictive that ongoing land use in the area is hampered. Therefore, there are reasons to distinguish conservation areas in the statistical presentation even in the future when we present protection of forests.
Population
Information on the population has been retrieved from the Total Population Register, cross-referenced with Lantmäteriet’s real estate register. The reference date is 31 December of the relevant year.
An 1995 amendment to the Act concerning the management of natural resources made it possible to establish national city parks. New buildings, new installations may be erected and other measures taken within a national city park, only if this can be done without encroaching on park landscapes or natural environment and without damaging the historical nature and culture values in any other way. These rules mean that it may be possible to erect a limited number of new buildings within existing residential areas and in areas with buildings for higher education, scientific research, museums, sports and recreation. It is also possible to converting and adapting buildings according to the needs of these activities. However, these measures are to be carried out such that the character of the buildings in the park are preserved. The concept of a "national city park" is now regulated in Chapter 4, Section 7 of the Environmental Code.
On 1 January 1995, the first, and thus far, only, national city park, the Royal National City Park, was established. It spans from Ulriksdal and Haga to Brunnsviken and Djurgården, in the municipalities of Stockholm, Solna and Lidingö.
A locality consists of a group of buildings having at least 200 inhabitants.
As of reference year 2018, biotope protection areas (in forests and other land) and the Royal National City Park are also included in the statistics. This leads to increased population within zones around protected nature, and reduced mean distance to protected nature.
Habitat protection is designed to preserve small areas for nationally endangered species in forested or agricultural areas. The Government or the authority appointed by the Government may take the necessary measures to conserve habitat protection areas. The Swedish Forest Agency is responsible for designation of habitat protection areas (SBO) in forest land.
Habitat protection is designed to preserve small areas for nationally endangered species in forested or agricultural areas. The Government or the authority appointed by the Government may take the necessary measures to conserve habitat protection areas. The county administrative boards are responsible for designation of habitat protection areas (ÖBO) in agriculture land.
observations
Average distance, meters in evenly 100’s
The mean distance is rounded to the nearest 100.

Contact and information

Information

Official statistics
Yes
Latest update
2019-05-24
Contact
Karin Hedeklint, Statistics Sweden
+46 010-479 45 14
karin.hedeklint@scb.se

Jerker Moström, Statistics Sweden
+46 010-479 40 31
jerker.mostrom@scb.se

Unit
Within 300 meters, share in percent:
number
Within 1 kilometer, share in percent:
number
Within 3 kilometer, share in percent:
number
Within 5 kilometer, share in percent:
number
Within 10 kilometer, share in percent:
number
Average distance, meters in evenly 100’s:
number
Reference time
Within 300 meters, share in percent:
31 December
Within 1 kilometer, share in percent:
31 December
Within 3 kilometer, share in percent:
31 December
Within 5 kilometer, share in percent:
31 December
Within 10 kilometer, share in percent:
31 December
Average distance, meters in evenly 100’s:
31 December
Data type
Within 300 meters, share in percent:
Stock
Within 1 kilometer, share in percent:
Stock
Within 3 kilometer, share in percent:
Stock
Within 5 kilometer, share in percent:
Stock
Within 10 kilometer, share in percent:
Stock
Average distance, meters in evenly 100’s:
Stock
Day adjusted
Within 300 meters, share in percent:
No
Within 1 kilometer, share in percent:
No
Within 3 kilometer, share in percent:
No
Within 5 kilometer, share in percent:
No
Within 10 kilometer, share in percent:
No
Average distance, meters in evenly 100’s:
No
Seasonally adjusted
Within 300 meters, share in percent:
No
Within 1 kilometer, share in percent:
No
Within 3 kilometer, share in percent:
No
Within 5 kilometer, share in percent:
No
Within 10 kilometer, share in percent:
No
Average distance, meters in evenly 100’s:
No
Creation date
2019-10-17
Responsible authority
Statistics Sweden
Matrix
000000SE